تعیین شاخص سودمندی کشت خالص و مخلوط ماشک برگ درشت (Vicia narbonensis L.) با جو (Hordeum vulgare L.) تحت تأثیر کمپوست

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه لرستان

چکیده

ارزیابی اثر کشت مخلوط افزایشی جو (رقم آبیدر) و ماشک برگ درشت (لاین 2561) در شرایط مصرف کود کمپوست بر عملکرد علوفه خشک و شاخص‌های سودمندی، در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه لرستان در طی دو سال زراعی 94-1393 و 95-1394 با آزمایش فاکتوریل 5×4 در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار، در یک مکان و در شرایط دیم انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل: چهار سطح کود کمپوست (شاهد، 20، 40 و 60 تن در هکتار) و 5 سطح اجزای مکمل مخلوط شامل: 0:100 (کشت خالص ماشک)، ترکیب 100:40 (ماشک:جو)، 100:70، 100:100 و 100:0 (کشت خالص جو) بود. در این آزمایش، بیوماس تولید شده در برهمکنش شاهد×100:40 (ماشک برگ درشت:جو) در سال‌های اول و دوم، برابر 03/5 و 28/5 تن در هکتار بود و برتری 77/4 درصدی بیوماس در سال دوم به‌دست آمد. نتایج نشان داد که با افزایش مصرف کمپوست (40 و 60 تن در هکتار) و ترکیب جزء مخلوط ماشک برگ درشت (100:100)، نسبت برابری زمین کل (TLER) به سمت 2 و حتی بیش از آن میل می کند. نسبت برابری زمین-زمان (ATER) در تمام برهمکنش‌های سال×کمپوست×کشت مخلوط، بیش از 1 بود. حداکثر راندمان استفاده از زمین (LUE) جو نیز متعلق به نسبت بذری 100:100 در تمام سطوح مصرف کمپوست بود. کمترین نسبت معادل زمان–سطح زیر کشت (E) در سال اول و دوم به برهمکنش تیمار شاهد×100:40 به ترتیب معادل 25/1 و 26/1 تعلق داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of efficiency indices in sole cropping and intercropping of broad leaf vetch (Vicia narbonensis L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in affected to compost

نویسندگان [English]

  • Khosro Azizi
  • Ali Reza Daraeimofrad
  • Behrouz Nasiri
  • Mohammad Feizian
Lorestan University
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effect of intercropping and sole cropping of barley (Abidar cultivar) with broad leaf vetch (Line 2561) under conditions of used compost on yield of dry forage and utility indices, this experiment in cropping years 2014-15 and 2015-16 was conducted with four levels of compost (control, 20, 40 and 60 ton.ha-1) and five levels of complementary components of intercropping, 100:0 (sole cropping of broad leaf vetch), 40:100 (broad leaf vetch: barley), 70:100, 100:100 and 0:100 (sole cropping of barley) in additive series intercropping in dry land conditions of khorramabad in the college of Agriculture of Lorestan University in the form of factorial in RCBD with three replicates. Results showed that biomass produced in the interaction control×100:40 (broad leaf vetch: barley) in the first and second years, was equal to 5.03 and 5.28 ton.ha-1 and the second year was 4.77 percent lead. The results showed that by increasing the use of compost (40 and 60 ton.ha-1) and broad leaf vetch seed ratio (100: 100), Total Land Equivalent Ratio (TLER) to 2 and even more than it does the desire, Area Time Land Equivalent Ratio (ATER), in all interactions of year×compost×intercropping, was more than 1 (ATER> 1). The max of Land Use Efficiency (LUE) of barley was obtained in the seed ratio of 100:100 and at all levels of the compost and the lowest The E in the first and second year was belonged to the interaction of control×40:100 that was equal to 1.25 and 1.26, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Additive Series Intercropping
  • Efficiency
  • organic fertilizers
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