ارزیابی تولید در کشت مخلوط چای ترش (Hibiscus sabdariffa L) و لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی (Vigna unguiculata L) در سری‌ جایگزینی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اگرواکولوژی، دانشگاه زابل

2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه زراعت دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

به‌منظور ارزیابی اجزای عملکرد چای ترش و لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی در کشت مخلوط بر اساس سری جایگزینی، آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار، در مزرعه پژوهشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه زابل در سال زراعی 93-1392 اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل نسبت‌های مختلف کاشت در پنج سطح کشت خالص چای ترش، 75% چای ترش+ 25% لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی، 50% چای ترش+ 50% لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی، 25% چای ترش+ 75% لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی و کشت خالص لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی بود. نتایج نشان داد که تاثیر نسبت‌های مختلف کشت مخلوط با چای ترش بر ارتفاع بوته، قطر ساقه، تعداد شاخه جانبی و تعداد غوزه در بوته و در لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی بر تعداد نیام در بوته،  تعداد دانه در نیام و وزن هزار دانه معنی‌دار بود. بیشترین ارتفاع بوته (75/182 سانتی‌متر) و تعداد غوزه در بوته (3/84) چای ترش در نسبت کاشت 75% چای ترش+ 25% لوبیا چشم-بلبلی مشاهده شد. همچنین بیشترین وزن هزار دانه و تعداد نیام در بوته لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی، در کشت خالص آن به‌دست آمد. بیشترین نسبت برابری زمین در نسبت کاشت 75% لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی+ 25% چای ترش به‌میزان 65/1 به‌دست آمد. در مجموع نتایج این تحقیق سودمندی بیشتر کشت مخلوط نسبت به کشت خالص چای ترش و لوبیا چشم‌بلبلی را نشان می‌دهد. با توجه به نسبت برابری زمین به‌دست آمده، می‌توان بیان داشت که نسبت کاشت 75% لوببای چشم‌بلبلی+ 25% چای ترش می‌تواند در افزایش درآمد اقتصادی و بهره‌وری زمین‌های کشاورزی به‌طور قابل‌ملاحظه‌ای موثر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of production in intercropped roselle – with cowpea as replacement series

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hosein Heidari 1
  • Mehdi DahMardeh 2
  • Eisa Khomri 2
1 University of Zabol
2 University of Zabol
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the yield components of intercroppedroselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) as replacement series, a field experiment was conducted based on a randomized complete block design with four replications at the Research station, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, during growing season of 2013-2014. Treatments included planting patterns with 5 levels (sole roselle, 75% roselle+ 25% cowpea, 50% roselle+ 50% cowpea, 25% roselle+ 75% cowpea and sole cowpea). Results showed that planting ratios with cowpea had significant effects on plant height, stem diameter, lateral branch and number of bolls per plant of roselle. The effect of planting ratio with roselle was significant on number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod and 1000-seed weight of cowpea. The maximum of plant height (182.75 cm) and lateral branches (84.3) of roselle were achieved in planting ratio of 75% roselle+ 25% cowpea respectively. Also, the highest 1000-seed weight and number of pods per plant were obtained in sole cropping. The maximum LER (1.65) was computed in planting ratio of 75% cowpea+ 25% roselle. This means that seed yield in intercropping improved up to 65% as compared with sole cropping. According to LER obtained, it can be stated that planting ratio of 75% cowpea+ 25% roselle can be significantly increase economic income and agricultural land productivity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Land equivalent ratio
  • Plant height
  • Pod number
  • Stem diameter
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