تاثیر محلول‌پاشی عناصر نانو کلات آهن و منگنز بر تعدادی از صفات کیفی ماش (Vigna Radiata L. Wilczek Parto Variety) تحت تنش کم‌آبی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه رزاعت دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 استاد

3 عضو هیات علمی گروه زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

به منظور مطالعه اثر محلول‌پاشی نانو کود کلاته آهن و منگنز در کاهش اثرات کمبود آب بر صفات کیفی گیاه ماش رقم پرتو آزمایش بصورت کرت‌های خرد شده بر اساس طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار درسال زراعی 93-1392در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی در کرت اصلی شامل 3 سطح رژیم آبیاری و در کرت فرعی شامل 10 سطح محلول‌پاشی طی مراحل قطع آبیاری در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که اثر کمبود آب و محلول‌پاشی نانو کلات آهن و منگنز بر اکثر صفات مورد بررسی در سطح احتمال 1% معنی‌دار بود. اعمال تنش کم‌آبی در مرحله رشد رویشی و رشد زایشی موجب کاهش همه‌ی صفات مورد مطالعه بجز میزان رنگیزه کاروتنوئید و پرولین شد. همچنین محلول‌پاشی سطوح مختلف نانو کلات آهن و منگنز در مراحل رشد رویشی و زایشی موجب افزایش میزان کلروفیل و کاروتنوئید گردید. در نهایت اثر متقابل تنش کمبود آب و محلول‌پاشی نانو کلات آهن و منگنز بر اکثر صفات مورد بررسی در سطح احتمال 1‌% معنی‌دار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of iron and manganese nano-chelate foliar application on some qualitative traits of (Vigna Radiata L. Wilczek Parto variety) under water deficit condition

نویسنده [English]

  • seeay ali mohammad modares sanavi 2
2 professor
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effects of water deficit stress on reduction of quality traits of Vigna Radiata (Parto variety) under iron and manganese nano-chelate foliar application, an experiment was conducted as split - plot management in randomized complete block design with three replications during 2013-2014 in the Research Farm of Agricultural College, Tarbiat Modares University. Experimental treatments in main plots were three levels of Irrigation regime and in subplots were 10 levels of foliar application at withholding irrigation stage. The results showed that water deficit and iron and manganese nano-chelate foliar application were significant for the most of plant traits at 1% probability level. Water deficit stress reduced all of the studied traits except carotenoid pigment content and proline. Also chlorophyll content and carotenoid were increased by foliar application of iron and manganese nano-chelate at both vegetative and reproductive stages. Finally, interaction between two main treatments were significant for the most of the traits at 1% probability level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • photosynthetic pigments
  • Prolin
  • pulses
  • Seed protein content
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