نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد یار پژوهش در زمینه حبوبات -مرکز تحقیقات و اموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان
2 کارشناس مسئول حبوبات-سازمان جهاد کشاورزی استان اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
In order to evaluate the influence of two different cultivation methods included of Entezari and spring planting a one year study (2014-2015) was carried on in Rozveh agricultural research station (Chadegan-Esfahan) using the split plot, based on a randomized complete block design with four replications.Two methods of planting included of Entezari and spring were considered as the main plot and three new varieties of chickpeas (Hashem, Azad and Arman) and local control were subplots. The yields of Arman, Azad and Hashem varieties in spring planting were 1220, 1070 and 1010 kg ha-1, respectively, which significantly was higher than the native cultivar (702 kg ha-1). Azad cultivar in Entezari planting method with 1709 kg ha-1 grain yield, relative to the native varieties and also than the Arman and Hashem had significantly higher performance. In spring and Entezari planting, water use efficiency was in the range of (0.39 to 0.67), and (0.15 to 1.5) kg seed m-3, respectively. The use of all three new varieties of chickpea for spring planting and Azad cultivars for autumn planting in the experimental region (and similar areas) was superiority and could have important role in increasing water use efficiency.