ارزیابی نظام‌های خاک‌ورزی بر جنبه‌های زراعی کشت مخلوط چای ترش (Hibiscus subdariffa) و ماش (Vigna radiate) در سری‌ جایگزینی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آگرواکولوژی، گروه زراعت، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

2 استادیار، گروه زراعت، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

3 دانشیار گروه زراعت، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی کشت مخلوط چای ترش و ماش آزمایشی در مزرعة آموزشی و تحقیقاتی پژوهشکدة کشاورزی دانشگاه زابل در سال زراعی 92-1391، به‌صورت آزمایش کرت­های خردشده در قالب طرح بلوک­ کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار اجرا شد. عامل اصلی شامل خاک‌‌ورزی در سه سطح شامل (بدون شخم، شخم کاهش‌یافته، شخم مرسوم گاوآهن و دیسک) و عامل فرعی نسبت­های کشت مخلوط در پنج سطح شامل (خالص چای ترش، خالص ماش، 50 درصد چای ترش+ 50 درصد ماش، 75 درصد چای ترش+ 25 درصد ماش، 25 درصد چای ترش+ 75 درصد ماش) در نظر گرفته شد. از لحاظ آماری تأثیر نظام­های خاک­ورزی و نسبت­های مختلف کاشت بر ارتفاع بوته، قطر ساقه، شمار شاخة جانبی، شمار میوه، عملکرد کاسبرگ، ارتفاع بوته، شمار نیام در بوته، شمار دانه در نیام و عملکرد اقتصادی در ماش معنی­دار بود. نظام­های خاک‌ورزی تأثیر معنی­داری بر نسبت برابری زمین نداشت، اما مقایسة میانگین نشان داد بیشترین کارایی استفاده از زمین مربوط به خاک­ورزی مرسوم (31/1) بود. بیشترین نسبت برابری زمین از کشت مخلوط 75 درصد ماش + 25 درصد چای ترش (36/1) به دست آمد. درمجموع نتایج این تحقیق سودمندی بیشتر کشت مخلوط نسبت به کشت خالص چای ترش و ماش را تائید کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of tillage systems on agronomical aspects in roselle-green gram intercropping using Replacement method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolvahed Hodiyani 1
  • Mehdi Dahmardeh 2
  • Issa Khammari 2
  • Mohammad reza Asgharipoor 3
1 M.Sc. Student of AgroEcology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Iran
2 Assistance Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Iran
چکیده [English]

A field experiment was conducted at research station of Zabol university in 2012. The experiment carried out as split plot on basis of a randomized complete block design with three replications. The main and sub factors included tillage systems (No, reduced, and Conventional tillage) and planting ratios of intercropping (pure culture of roselle, pure culture of green gram, 25% roselle + 75% green gram, 50% roselle + 50% green gram and 75% roselle + 25% green gram), respectively. For roselle, the results showed that the effects of tillage systems and planting ratio was significant on plant height, diameter of stem, lateral branch, number of fruit and sepal yield. For green gram the results showed that the effects of tillage systems and planting ratio was significant on plant height, number of pods in plant, number of seed in pod and economical yield. Tillage systems had not significant different on land equivalent ratio but comparison of means showed that the maximum and minimum of LER was obtained in conventional and reduce tillage, respectively. The maximum of LER was obtained at 75% green gram plus 25% roselle (1.36). In general, more useful intercropping confirmed than a pure culture of roselle and green gram.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Land equivalent ratio
  • Pod number
  • sepal yield
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