تأثیر سطوح مختلف تنش‌های شوری و خشکی بر شاخص‌های رشدی و اسانس بادرنجبویه (Melissa officinalis L.)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گیاهان دارویی، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

2 دانشیار اصلاح نباتات، گروه اصلاح نباتات و بیوتکنولوژی، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آگرواکولوژی، گروه زراعت، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

به منظور ارزیابی تأثیر تنش خشکی و شوری بر شاخص­های رشدی و اسانس بادرنجبویه، دو آزمایش در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار اجرا شد. در آزمایش شوری از پنج سطح 0، 1، 2، 3 و 4 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر محلول کلرید سدیم و در آزمایش تنش خشکی از پنج تیمار 50، 5/62، 75، 5/87 و 100 درصد ظرفیت زراعی آب قابل دسترس گیاه به عنوان تیمار­های آزمایش استفاده شد. ویژگی­های ساختار ظاهری (مورفولوژیکی)، درصد مادة خشک و درصد اسانس اندازه‌گیری شدند. شوری و خشکی، به جز درصد اسانس همة مشخصه (پارامتر)­ها را کاهش دادند و تأثیر کاهش شوری بیشتر از خشکی بود. بیشترین و کمترین میزان ویژگی‌های رشدی و درصد اسانس به ترتیب از تیمار 100 و 50 درصد آب قابل دسترس گیاه به‌دست آمد. در آزمایش شوری، با افزایش سطوح شوری همة مشخصه‌های رشدی سیر کاهشی داشتند. درصد اسانس از سطح 0 تا 1 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر افزایش و پس از آن کاهش یافت. با این وجود گیاهان تیمارشده درصد اسانس بالاتری را نسبت به شاهد نشان دادند. تنش­ شوری و خشکی سبب کاهش شاخص­های رشدی و تا حدودی افزایش درصد اسانس شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of different levels of salinity and drought stress on growth parameters and essential oil of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Gorgini Shabankareh 1
  • Barat Ali Fakheri 2
  • Roghayeh Mohammadpuor Vashvaii 3
1 M.Sc. Student of Horticulture, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Iran
2 Associated Professor of Plant Breeding, Department of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Iran
3 M.Sc. Student of Agroecology, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the effects of drought and salinity stresses on growth parameters and essential oil of lemon balm, two experiments with three replications in a randomized complete block design were applied. Five levels of salinity including zero, one, two, three and four dS/m of sodium chloride solution, and five drought stress treatments including 50, 62.5, 75, 87.5 and 100% as available water for plants were used. Parameters including morphological, dry matter, and essential oil percentage were measured in each experiment separately. Drought and salinity stress, with the exception of essential oil percentage, decreased all measured parameters and the effect of salinity stress was higher. The highest and lowest growth characteristics were achieved from the 100 and 50% available water treatments, and the maximum and minimum essential oil was achieved from 50 and 100% available water, respectively. In salinity experiment, growth parameters declined with increasing salinity. The level of salinity from zero to one dS/m increased the essential oil percentage. However, compared to control, treated plants showed higher essential oil percentages. Salinity and drought stresses reduced the growth parameters and essential oil percentage was somewhat increased.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Drought
  • Essential oil
  • growth characteristics
  • Lemon balm
  • salinity
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