ارزیابی عملکرد و کیفیت دانۀ سویا متأثر از تلقیح مضاعف با کود زیستی بارور2 و ریزوبیوم ژاپونیکوم در شرایط هیدرو-اسمو پرایمینگ

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات دانشکدة کشاورزی دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود

2 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات دانشکدة کشاورزی دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود

3 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات دانشکدة کشاورزی دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود

چکیده

           به منظور بررسی تأثیر هیدرو- اسمو پرایمینگ و زیست‌پرایمینگ (کاربرد کود زیستی بارور2 و تلقیح با ریزوبیوم ژاپونیکوم) بر رشد و عملکرد سویا رقم DPX، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل و در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار در دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود در خرداد سال 1390 انجام شد. کود زیستی بارور2 در دو سطح مصرف و بدون کاربرد، باکتری ریزوبیوم ژاپونیکوم در دو سطح تلقیح و بدون تلقیح بذر و پرایمینگ در سه سطح شامل بدون پرایمینگ، هیدروپرایمینگ و اسموپرایمینگ با استفاده از پلی‌اتیلن گلیکول6000 اعمال شد. نتایج نشان داد اثر متقابل کاربرد کود زیستی بارور2 و ریزوبیوم بر صفات شمار غلاف در بوته، شمار دانه در بوته و درصد روغن تأثیر مثبت و معنی‌داری داشت. همچنین اثر متقابل کاربرد کود زیستی بارور2 و پرایمینگ تنها بر صفت شمار غلاف در بوته مثبت و معنی‌دار بود. مقایسة عملکرد دانه در سطوح مختلف کاربرد کود زیستی بارور2 نشان داد که با کاربرد کود زیستی بارور2 عملکرد نیز افزایش یافت، به‌طوری‌که بالاترین میزان عملکرد مربوط به سطح کاربرد کاربرد کود زیستی بارور2 به میزان 7/2897 کیلوگرم در هکتار بود. تلقیح بذر با ریزوبیوم ژاپونیکوم به‌طور معنی‌داری عملکرد را افزایش داد، به‌طوری‌که تیمار تلقیح بذر با باکتری ریزوبیوم با تولید 2/2967 کیلوگرم در هکتار بهترین تیمار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The comparison of qualitative and quantitative of soybean (Glycine max L.) affected by double inoculation with Barvar-2 and Rhizobium japonicum bacteria at hydro- osmo priming condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Abbasdokht 1
  • Salman Salmanzadeh 2
  • Ahmad Gholami 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrood University, Iran
2 Former M. Sc. Student , Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrood University, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrood University, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study of the effects of hydro-osmo priming, bio-priming (biological fertilizer (Barvar-2) and inoculation with Rhizobium japonicum bacteria) on growth & yield of DPX cultivar of soybean (Glycine max L.), an experiment was carried out as factorial based on a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 4 replications in Agriculture Research Station of Shahrood University of Technology, Iran. Biological fertilizer including 2 levels (check and using of biological fertilizer) and Rhizobium japonicum including 2 levels (check and using of Rhizobium japonicum) and priming including 3 levels [(hydropriming, osmopriming induced by PEG 6000 and check (unpriming)] were used as treatments. The results showed that interaction between biological fertilizer and Rhizobium japonicum significantly affected number of pod per plant, number of seed per plant and oil percentage. Interaction between biological fertilizer and priming significantly affected number of pod per plant. Grain yield for biological fertilizer consumption was 2897.7 kg/ha and for inoculation with Rhizobium japonicum was 2967.2kg/ha. Generally, priming, biological fertilizer consumption and inoculation with Rhizobium japonicum increased grain yield.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • growth characteristic
  • Priming
  • seed inoculation
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