تاثیر محلول پاشی روی، آهن و منگنز بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیک و فیتوشیمیایی گیاه زوفا (Hyssopus officinalis L)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی رشته کارشناسی ارشد زراعت دانشگاه پیام نور کرج

2 استادیار گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

بهمنظوربررسی اثرمحلول‌پاشی آهن، روی و منگنز بر تعدادی از صفات مورفولوژیکی و فیتوشیمیایی گیاه زوفا، آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در 3 تکرار، در سال 1395 اجرا گردید. تیمارها شامل:شاهد، محلول پاشی آهن، روی، منگنز، آهن+ روی، آهن+ منگنز، روی+ منگنز و آهن+ منگنز+ روی بودند. محلول‌پاشی بر تمامی صفات مورد مطالعه تأثیر معنی‌داری داشت. محلول‌پاشی بویژه در حالت ترکیبی، در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد تأثیر مثبتی بر تمامی ویژگی‌های مورد مطالعه داشت. بیشترین ارتفاع بوته (55/49 سانتی‌متر) و عملکرد بیولوژیکی (7/5085 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در اثر محلول پاشی ترکیبی روی+ آهن+ منگنز در گیاه زوفا بدست آمد. عدم محلول‌پاشی (تیمار شاهد) کمترین ارتفاع بوته، تعداد شاخه‌جانبی، تعداد شاخه گل‌دهنده و عملکرد بیولوژیکی را در این گیاه تولید کرد. محلول‌پاشی، به طور معنی‌داری تعداد شاخه گل‌دهنده و عملکرد بیولوژیکی را در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد، افزایش داد. بیشترین میزان کلروفیل کل در برگ گیاهان (85/1 میلی‌گرم بر گرم وزن تر برگ) از محلول پاشی تیمار آهن بدست آمد. همچنین محلول‌پاشی با تیمار‌های ترکیبی، بیشترین میزان فلاونوئید کل را در گیاهان تولید کرد. نتایج نشان داد محلول‌پاشی همزمان روی، آهن و منگنز تأثیر مثبتی بر صفات کمی و کیفی گیاه زوفا داشت، بنابراین محلول پاشی عناصر ریز‌ مغذی می‌تواند به عنوان یک راهکار مدیریتی مناسب در جهت کاهش مصرف نهاده‌های شیمیایی، حرکت به سمت کشاورزی پایدار و دستیابی به عملکرد مطلوب بیولوژیکی در گیاه زوفا مورد استفاده قرار بگیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of foliar application of zinc, iron, and manganese on morphological, and phytochemical traits of hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Amini 1
  • Kamal Sadatasilan 2
  • Saeid Yosefzadeh 2
  • Sirus Mansurifar 3
1 Payame Noor University
2 Payame Noor University
3 Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

To investigate the effect of iron, zinc, and manganese on morphological and phytochemical traits of hyssop, an experiment was conducted as a randomized complete block design with three replications in 2016. Treatments consisted of control, foliar application of iron, zinc, manganese, iron + zinc, iron + manganese, zinc + manganese and iron + zinc + manganese. The foliar application had a significant effect on all studied traits. Foliar application, especially in combined treatments of the above-mentioned microelements, had a positive effect on all studied traits compared with control. The highest values of plant height (49.55 cm) and biological yield (5085.7 kg/ha) were gained with foliar application of iron + zinc + manganese. The untreated control produced the lowest plant height, number of lateral branch per plant, number of flowering branches per plant and biological yield. The foliar application significantly increased the number of flowering branches per plant and biological yield compared with control. The highest total chlorophyll (1.85 mg g-1 FW) was gained by foliar application of Fe. In addition, foliar application with the combination of microelements produced the greatest total flavonoids content in plants. Results showed that simultaneous foliar application of Fe, Zn and Mn had a positive effect on the quantitative and qualitative traits of hyssop. Therefore, micronutrients could be applied as a suitable strategy to reduce chemical inputs toward sustainable agriculture and to achieve optimum biological yield in hyssop.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chlorophyll
  • Foliar Application
  • secondary metabolites
  • Hyssopus officinalis L
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