بررسی همزیستی قارچریشه، کاربرد خاکی و محلول‌پاشی فلومیکس بر عملکرد علوفه و برخی ویژگی‌های کیفی ذرت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، دانشگاه شاهرود

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه شاهرود

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر کاربرد قارچریشه (میکوریزا)، محلول‌پاشی و کاربرد خاکی کود فلومیکس بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ذرت، آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعۀ تحقیقاتی دانشکدۀ کشاورزی دانشگاه شاهرود انجام شد. در این آزمایش همزیستی قارچریشه‌ای در دو سطح شامل بدون همزیستی و همزیستی قارچریشه، محلول‌پاشی فلومیکس در سه سطح شامل بدون کاربرد، یک‌بارکاربرد و دو بار کاربرد و کاربرد خاکی فلومیکس شامل بدون کاربرد، یک‌بارکاربرد و دو بار کاربرد اعمال شد. نتایج تجزیۀ واریانس بیانگر افزایش معنی‌دار صفات عملکرد علوفه، درصد پروتئین، سبزینۀ (کلروفیل) a، سبزینۀ b، محتوای نسبی آب برگ و فسفر دانه تحت تأثیر همزیستی قارچریشه، محلول‌پاشی و کاربرد خاکی فلومیکس بود. همچنین تأثیر همزیستی قارچریشه و محلول‌پاشی، محلول‌پاشی و کاربرد خاکی فلومیکس بر پرگنه‌زایی (کلونیزاسیون) ریشه معنی­­‌دار بود و سبب افزایش این صفت شد. بنا بر نتایج تأثیر همزیستی قارچریشه و محلول‌پاشی نیز بر صفت قند محلول برگ معنی‌دار بود و باعث افزایش آن شد. ترکیب تیماری بدون کاربرد قارچریشه+ یک‌بار محلول‌پاشی+ بدون کاربرد خاکی محتوای نسبی آب برگ را نسبت به کاربرد قارچریشه+ دو بار محلول‌پاشی+ بدون کاربرد خاکی افزایش داد. از نظر عملکرد علوفه نیز ترکیب تیماری کاربرد قارچریشه + دو بار محلول‌پاشی + یک‌بار کاربرد خاکی با 6557 کیلوگرم در هکتار بیشترین میزان عملکرد را نسبت به شاهد نشان داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of mycorrhizae symbiosis, soil and foliar spray of Flomix on forage yield and some qualitative characteristics of corn (Zea mays L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ramin Jabbari 1
  • Hamid Abbasdokht 2
1 M.Sc. of Agronomy, Agronomy and Plant Breeding Faculty, Shahrood University, Iran
2 Associated Professor, Agronomy and Plant Breeding Faculty, Shahrood University, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study of interaction between mycorrhizae symbiosis, soil and foliar spary of Flomix on  yield and yield components of corn (Zea may L.), an experiment was carried out as factorial based on Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications in Agriculture Research Station of Shahrood University of Technology in 2014. The treatments included mycorrhizae symbiosis at 2 levels (non-application and application of mycorrhizae), foliar spray at 3 levels (non-application, once sprayed and twice sprayed) and soli spray at 3 levels (non-application, once soil application and twice soil application). Results showed that interaction between mycorrhizae symbiosis, soil and foliar spray of Flomix indicate a significant effect on forage yield, protein percent, grain P, chlorophyll a, b and relative water content traits.  Also effect of mycorrhizae symbiosis+ foliar spray and foliar+ soil spray of Flomix was significant on colonization and increased this trait.Moreover, the result showed that interaction between mycorrhizae symbiosis and foliar spray indicate a significant effect on sugar solution and increased it. Mean comparisons showed treatment of none application of mycorrhizae+ once foliar spray+ none soil spray of Flomix increased the relative water content in compare with Application of mycorrhizae + twice foliar spray+ none soil spray.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Corn
  • Chlorophyll
  • foliar
  • Yield
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