تأثیر کودهای زیستی و نیتروژن بر میزان بعضی از عنصرهای غذایی، عملکرد مادة خشک و میزان اسانس در گیاه دارویی بادرشبی (.Dracocephalum moldavica L) در دو منطقة ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

3 دانشجوی سابق دکتری زراعت، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

برای ارزیابی تأثیر کود­های زیستی (بیولوژیک) و نیتروژن بر میزان نیتروژن، پتاسیم، فسفر، عملکرد مادة خشک و میزان اسانس بادرشبی، آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در سال 89-1388 در دانشکدة کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس (منطقة 1) و مزرعة تحقیقاتی استان آذربایجان غربی (منطقة 2) اجرا شد. تیمار­ها شامل ژنوتیپ (G1: اکوتیپ بومی و G2: رقم (SZK-1، باکتری (B1: تلقیح بذر با باکتری­ و B2: تلقیح نشدن) و رژیم کودی (F1: 100 درصد کود اوره، F2: 75درصد کود اوره + 25 درصد آزوکمپوست، F3: 50درصد کود اوره + 50درصد آزوکمپوست، F4: 25 درصد کود اوره + 75 درصد آزوکمپوست و F5: 100درصد آزوکمپوست) بودند. نتایج نشان داد، تجمع نیتروژن در اندام‌های هوایی ژنوتیپ­ها در دو منطقه متفاوت بود. در هر دو منطقه بالاترین میزان فسفر و پتاسیم در نتیجة کاربرد تیمار F5 به دست آمد. در منطقة 1 در حالت تلقیح و بدون تلقیح کاربرد تیمار F3 بالاترین درصد اسانس (46/0 و 53/0 درصد) را تولید کرد. در حالت تلقیح کاربرد تیمار F3 با تولید (Kg/ha1/4781) مادة خشک اختلاف معنی­داری با تیمار شاهد شیمیایی نداشت. درمجموع نتایج نشان داد، کاربرد تیمار تلفیقی F3، می­تواند به‌عنوان جایگزینی مناسب برای کودهای شیمیایی توجه شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of biofertilizer and nitrogen on the amount of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, dry matter yield and essential oil of dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.) at two regions of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeed Yousefzadeh 1
  • Seyed Ali Mohammad Modarrs-Sanavy 2
  • Zahra Izadi 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Scientific member of Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University
3 Former Ph.D. Student, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

To determine effect of biofertilizer and nitrogen on the amount of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, dry matter yield and essential oil content of dragonhead, a field experiment was conducted as factorial in a randomized complete block design with 3 replications at two locations in Research Field at Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University (location 1), and Research Center in West Azarbaijan province (location 2) in 2009-2010. The treatments were consisted of genotypes (landrace and SZK-1 cultivars), seed inoculation treatments (either (B1) with or without (B2) bacterial inoculation) and fertilization regimes (100% urea, 75% urea + 25% azocompost, 50% urea + 50% azocompost, 25% urea + 75% azocompost  and 100% azocompost). Results showed that nitrogen accumulation in genotypes was different. The maximum amount of P and K produced by using the F5treatment in both locations. In the first location, the F3 treatment produced the greatest percentage of essential oil (0.46-0.53%) both with and without bacterial inoculation. The F3 treatment with bacterial inoculation produced 4781.1 kg Dry matter yield per ha which had not significant difference with the chemical control treatment. In general, results showed that application of F3 treatment can be a suitable alternative for chemical fertilizers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Azocompost
  • Biofertilizer
  • dracocephalum moldavica L
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