ارزیابی تأثیر کودهای زیستی بر ویژگی‌های رشدی و عملکرد مرزۀ تابستانه (Satureja hortensis L.)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشیار، گروه زراعت، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر ورمی‌کمپوست و باکتری‌های تثبیت‌کنندۀ نیتروژن بر ویژگی‌های رشدی و عملکرد مرزۀ تابستانه، آزمایشی در سال 1394 به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایۀ بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با دو عامل شامل کود زیستی نیتروژنه در سه سطح (بدون تلقیح، تلقیح بذر با نیتروکسین و تلقیح بذر با سوپرنیتروپلاس) و ورمی‌کمپوست در چهار سطح (0، 5، 10 و 15 تن در هکتار) و در سه تکرار در منطقۀ فیروزکوه انجام شد. نتایج آزمایش نشان داد، همۀ صفات مورد بررسی تحت تأثیر ورمی‌کمپوست و کود زیستی قرار گرفتند. صفات مورد بررسی شامل ارتفاع گیاه، شمار شاخه در بوته، عملکرد مادۀ خشک، سهم سرشاخۀ گلدار از مادۀ خشک کل، عملکرد خشک سرشاخۀ گلدار بودند. نتایج نشان داد، بیشترین شمار شاخه در بوته با کاربرد 10 تن ورمی‌کمپوست به دست آمدند. بیشترین ارتفاع بوته، عملکرد مادۀ خشک، سهم سرشاخۀ گلدار از مادۀ خشک کل و عملکرد خشک سرشاخۀ گلدار با کاربرد 15 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار به دست آمد. کاربرد کود زیستی نیتروژنه تأثیر معنی‌داری بر همۀ صفات داشت، هرچند تفاوت معنی‌داری بین نیتروکسین و سوپرنیتروپلاس مشاهده نشد. مقایسۀ میانگین اثر متقابل تیمارها نیز نشان داد که تلفیق سوپرنیتروپلاس همراه با 10 تن ورمی‌کمپوست باعث بیشترین عملکرد مادۀ خشک مرزه شد. نتایج نشان‌دهندۀ تأثیر معنی‌دار ورمی‌کمپوست و کود‌های زیستی در تولید مرزه در نظام‌های تولید پایدار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Biofertilizers effects on growth characteristics and yield of summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Haj Seyed Hadi
  • Mohammad Taghi Darzi
Associate Professor of Agronomy, Department of Agronomy, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effects of vermicompost and biological nitrogen fertilizer on growth characteristics and yield of summer savory, an experiment was conducted at Firouzkuh, Iran in 2015. The factors were nitrogen biofertilizer (Control, Nitroxine and Supernitroplus) and vermicompost (0, 5, 10 and 15 t ha-1). The experimental design was factorial experiment based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications. Measured traits were consisted of plant height, number of lateral branches per plant, shoot fresh weight, shoot dry matter and flowering shoot dry matter. Results showed that all measured traits were affected by treatments, significantly. The highest number of branches per plant (15.4) and shoot fresh weight (11890.75 kg ha-1) was obtained by using 10 ton vermicompost per hectare. Applying 15 ton vermicompost per hectare caused maximum plant height (35.9 cm), dry matter yield (3484.19 kg ha-1), flowering shoot dry matter (1722.19 kg ha-1). Nitrogen biofertilizer had significant effects on all traits. But, there were not significant differences between Nitroxine and Supernitroplus application. Mean comparison of interaction effects showed that using supernitroplus and 10 ton vermicompost per hectare caused maximum fresh (13722.32 kg ha-1) and dry shoot yield (4064.23 kg ha-1).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nitroxine
  • Summer savory
  • supernitroplus
  • vermicompost
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