تأثیر رژیم‌های آبیاری بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ارقام نخود در دو کشت پاییزه و بهاره در استان لرستان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

2 دانشیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

3 استاد، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

چکیده

به‌منظور مطالعة عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد شش رقم نخود آزمایشی به‌صورت کرت‌های خردشده در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در دو زمان کشت بهاره و پاییزه در نورآباد-لرستان اجرا شد. عامل اصلی شامل چهار رژیم آبیاری (بدون آبیاری، 75، 100 و 150 میلی‌متر) براساس تبخیر از تشت تبخیر کلاس A، و عامل فرعی شامل شش رقم نخود (آرمان، آزاد، هاشم،ILC-482 ، ‌گریت و نورآباد) بود. کشت پاییزه به‌ترتیب سبب افزایش 0/55، 0/7، 5/8، 0/49، 0/46، 0/44 و 7/5 درصدی تعداد نیام بارور، ارتفاع، وزن صددانه، عملکرد دانة بوته، عملکرد بیولوژیک، عملکرد دانه و شاخص برداشت شد. سطوح آبیاری پس از 75، 100 و 150 میلی‌متر تبخیر به‌ترتیب با میانگین 2316، 2121 و 2010 کیلوگرم در هکتار سبب افزایش 78، 63 و 54 درصدی عملکرد دانه نسبت به سطح بدون آبیاری شدند. ارقام گریت و هاشم به‌ترتیب با میانگین 2089 و 1775 کیلوگرم در هکتار بیشترین و کمترین عملکرد دانه را تولید کردند. اگرچه کشت پاییزة رقم گریت به‌همراه آبیاری پس از 75 میلی‌متر تبخیر به حداکثر عملکرد در این منطقه منجر شد، آبیاری پس از 150 میلی‌متر تبخیر نیز سبب بهبود چشمگیر عملکرد دانه در کشت پاییزه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of irrigation regimes on seed yield and yield components of chickpea cultivars at two autumn and spring planting seasons in Lorestan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Gholami Zali 1
  • Parviz Ehsanzadeh 2
  • Jamshid Razmjoo 3
1 Former Graduate Student, Faculty of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology
3 Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology
چکیده [English]

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of planting season and irrigation regime on six chickpea genotypes in Lorestan province, west of Iran in a randomized complete block split-plot field experiment. The six chickpea varieties (i.e. Arman, Azad, Hashem, ILC-482, Greet and Nourabad) were sown in autumn and spring and were subjected to four irrigation levels (i.e. irrigation after 75, 100 and 150 mm evaporation from a Class-A Pan and non-irrigated) in two separate experiments. Autumn-sown chickpea out-performed the spring-sown chickpea by 55, 7.0, 8.5, 49.0, 44.0 and 5.7% in terms of number of fertile pods/plant, plant height, 100-seed weight, seed yield/plant, dry matter yield, grain yield and harvest index, respectively. Irrigation after 75 (2316 kg/ha), 100 (2121 kg/ha) and 150 mm evaporation (2010 kg/ha) led to 78, 63 and 54% increases in grain yield, respectively. "Greet" (2089 kg/ha) and "Hashem" (1775 kg/ha) produced the highest and lowest seed yields, respectively. It could be concluded that planting Cv."Greet" under the 75 mm level of irrigation at autumn may lead to the greatest grain yield production. Nevertheless, planting the latter genotype at autumn with irrigation after 150 mm evaporation may lead to substantial increase in grain yield, with minimum usage of water

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Drought stress
  • Chickpea
  • planting season
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