ارزیابی صفات زراعی رازیانه (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) و شنبلیله (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) در کشت مخلوط

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 دانش‌آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان

2 استادیار، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان


به‌منظور بررسی عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد رازیانه و شنبلیله در الگوهای مختلف کشت مخلوط و تک‌کشتی، آزمایشی با استفاده از روش‌های جایگزینی و افزایشی در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعۀ تحقیقاتی دانشکدۀ کشاورزی دانشگاه زنجان در سال زراعی 1391 به اجرا در آمد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل کشت مخلوط افزایشی در سه سطح (100 درصد رازیانه+ 33، 66 و 100 درصد شنبلیله)، کشت مخلوط جایگزینی در شش سطح (1:1، 1:2، 2:1، 2:2، 1:3، 3:1)، کشت خالص رازیانه و کشت خالص شنبلیله بودند. نتایج نشان داد که تمامی صفات بررسی‌شده به‌غیر از وزن هزاردانه و شاخص برداشت رازیانه به‌طور معنی‌داری در سطح احتمال 5 درصد تحت تأثیر الگوهای مختلف کاشت قرار گرفتند. عملکرد شنبلیله و رازیانه با افزایش نسبت هر یک در کشت مخلوط افزایش یافت، به‌طوری که در شنبلیله بیشترین عملکرد دانه از کشت خالص و کمترین آن از سری جایگزینی 3:1 حاصل شد. همچنین در رازیانه، سری افزایشی 100 درصد رازیانه + 33 درصد شنبلیله و سری جایگزینی 1:3 به‌ترتیب بیشترین و کمترین عملکرد دانه را داشتند. نسبت برابری زمین در همۀ آرایش‌های کاشت بیشتر از یک بود.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of agronomical traits fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) – fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in intercropping

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sakineh Sadri 1
  • Majid Pouryousef 2
  • Ali Soleimani 2
  • Taher Barzegar 2
  • Khalil Jamshidi 2
1 Former Graduate Student, Facutly of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan
2 Assistant Professor, Facutly of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan
چکیده [English]

In order to study yield and yield components of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) – fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in different patterns of intercropping and sole cropping, an experiment with use replacement and additive intercropping based on randomized complete block design with three replications was conducted at the Research Station of Faculty of Agriculture, Zanjan University, Iran, during growing season 2012. Treatments included additive intercropping in three levels (%100 fennel + 33, 66 and %100 fenugreek), replacement intercropping in six levels (1:1, 1:2, 2:1, 2:2, 1:3, 3:1), Sole fennel and Sole fenugreek. Results showed that most traits significantly (p≤0/05) were affected by different sowing pattern with the exception 1000-seed weight and harvest index in fennel. Fenugreek and fennel yield increased with higher each of ratio in intercropping. The highest grain yield of Fenugreek was obtained in pure stand of Fenugreek and the lowest it was obtained in the 3:1 replacement series. Also in fennel %100 fennel + %33 fenugreek additive series and 1:3 replacement series have the highest and the lowest seed yield respectively. Land equivalent ratio (LER) was more than 1.00 in all sowing patterns.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • sowing pattern
  • replacement series
  • yield
  • LER
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