Grouping of tolerance indices and response of Kabuli and Desi type chickpea genotypes to drought stress

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Former Ph. D. Student of Biometery Genetics, Zanjan University

2 Applied Research Expert, Soil and Water Conservation Research Center at University of Tehran (Kuhin Dry Lands), Iran

3 Ph.D. Candidate and Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Iran

4 Professor, Department of Plant Breeding and Agronomy, University College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran


In this study, response of 64 Kabuli chickpea genotypes under drought stress was conducted by 8*8 simple lattice designs under non-stress and stress conditions on the Research Field of Koohin (Tehran University). According to MP, GMP, HARM, STI, YI, K1STI and K2STI, genotype No-51, according to SSI, YSI, YR and RDI, genotype No-18, according to TOL, ATI, SSPI and DRI, genotype No-16, according to DI and SNPI, genotype No-42 were identified as the most tolerant genotypes. Indices of MP, GM, HARM, STI, TOL, YI, DI, ATI, SSPI, SNPI, K1STI and K2STI had robust and positive correlation with yield in non stress and stress conditions and introduced for selection of tolerate and sensitive genotypes to drought stress. Factor coefficient in first factor with explanation of 62.57%, gave the highest scores to genotypes of 51, 60, 53 and 52 (Zone of A) as most tolerance gave the least scores to genotypes of 32, 27, 24 and 62 as most sensitive (Zone of D) and second factors with explanation of 33.28% gave the highest scores to genotypes of 29, 51, 60 and 28 (Zone of A) as most tolerance gave the least scores to genotypes of 18, 16, 42 and 24 as most sensitive (Zone of D and C). The cluster analysis based on drought tolerance indices, the genotypes were grouping in three clusters, so that tolerant genotypes grouped in cluster three, the sensitive genotypes grouped in cluster two and the semi sensitive genotypes grouped in cluster one.
Abbreviations: YP= potential yield; YS = Stress  yield; MP= Mean productivity; GMP= Geometric Mean productivity; HARM= Harmonic Mean; SSI= Susceptibility Stress index; STI= Stress Tolerance index; TOL= Tolerance index; YI= Yield index; YSI= Yield stabilty index; DI= Drought resistance index; ATI= Abiotic tolerance index; SSPI= Stress Susceptivity Percent Index; SNPI= Stress Non-stress productivity index; K1STI & K2STI = Modified Stress Tolerance index; RDI= Relative Drought index; DRI= Drought Response index.


Main Subjects

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Volume 48, Issue 3 - Serial Number 3
December 2017
Pages 647-664
  • Receive Date: 11 July 2016
  • Revise Date: 20 August 2016
  • Accept Date: 13 September 2016
  • Publish Date: 22 November 2017