Guide for Authors

Guide for authors:


Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. Editable files (word file) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail. Please submit your article via

Instructions for Editing the Articles

The articles should be typed in office word, in A4 paper size, with a margin of 3 cm on all four sides and line spacing of 1.5 cm. 12-Point B-Nazanin and 10-point Times New Roman are the "default" fonts for the manuscript. A title page and a commitment form including the consent of all authors, as well as related authorities/institutions should be submitted with the manuscript. Title page includes the following:

• Title: The articles’ titles should be short, clear, and indicative of the article’s contents.

• Author’s Name: The authors’ names and workplaces have to include the name of the department, faculty, university, city, and country. It is necessary to add the corresponding authors’ phone number, mobile number, and email for further correspondence.

Research articles should not exceed 12 pages (the reference included). They should include the Title, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement (optional) and References.

1. Title: The articles’ title should be short, clear, and indicative of the article’s contents. The title must not exceed 15 words.

2. Abstract: The abstract is a brief and comprehensive description of the article’s contents. This section must indicate the works done as well as the results obtained by itself so that the reader will not be forced to read the text for comprehension. It should have study background, objectives, methods, results, and conclusions. The abstracts must not exceed 200 words. At the end of the abstract page, keywords (3-5 keywords) should be written. If possible, it is better to have different keywords than the words, used in the article’s title. In case of using abbreviations in the abstract, on the first use the complete name, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses, should be given.

3. Introduction: This section presents the problem under research as well as the researcher’s purpose for the research work or reporting it. Hence, the introduction should feature research background briefly along with their relation with the current article’s topic. At the end, the motivation behind the conducted work has to be indicated as well. It is necessary to mention the goal of the current study at the end of the introduction.

4. Materials and Methods: This section must name all the tools and devices, used specifically for the research, and the author should avoid mentioning general laboratory substances and devices. As for specific substances and devices, the author has to mention the name of the company producing them, as well as the relevant city and country. The methodology should be presented in a way that it will be possible for other researchers to conduct it again. Briefly, it should indicate the way and the process of the conducted work. The author must avoid mentioning methodologies, previously published in other journals, and must suffice to mentioning the reference only. In case of statistical analysis, the used methods must be mentioned comprehensively, while referring to the valid reference. It is necessary to mention the sample size, number of independent reiterations of each test, and the number of reiterations within each test.

 5. Results and Discussion: This section includes the results obtained from a research work. The obtained data and the results must be presented in a logical and useful way to clarify the discussion and the conclusion. Therefore, it could be accompanied by tables, charts, and pictures. The author must be careful to use just one of these, for instance the chart or the table, and not both of them, in order to express a purpose. It is necessary not to give complete description of the tables in the text and only bring the important issues. The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section may be appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

5.1. References: All reference, used in the text, must be indicated in the article’s index. For those texts, written by one author, use the author’s family name like “Goodman, 2003”. In case there are two authors for a text, both of their names are written as above (Tharp & Kells, 2001). For texts with more than two authors, the reference will be as “Fernandes et al., 2002”. If necessary, the reference number can be indicated at the end of each paragraph.

5.2. Tables and Figures: The tables/figures should be placed in the text of the manuscript in the proper place. Number of tables/figures consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. The caption should be placed above the tables and below the figures. Explain the origin of the data and any table notes should be placed below the table body. The tables/figures, themselves, ought to have brief and clear titles. Be sparing in the use of tables/ figures and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. The style of the tables/figures should be simple and the font of the tables/figures should be Times New Roman. The title of tables and figures should be prepared in both English and Persian languages. The tables/ figures must not exceed one A4 page. In order to have a statistical comparison of the tables’/figures’ numbers, superscript letters must be used, appropriately described at the bottom of the table/figure.

6. Conclusion: The main conclusions of the study must be presented in a short Conclusions section (maximum in 1-2 paragraphs).

7. Acknowledgment: In this section, the author mentions sources of funding, the guidance and help of others and thanks them briefly.

8. References: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text.

8.1. Reference to more than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year

Sefc, K. M., Regner, F., Glssl, J. & Steinkellner, H. (1998a). Genotyping of grapevine and rootstock cultivars using microsatellite markers. Vitis, 37, 15-20.

Sefc, K. M., Guggenberger, S., Regner, F., Lexer, C., Glssl, J. & Steinkellner, H. (1998b). Genetic analysis of grape berries and raisins using microsatellite markers. Vitis, 37, 123-125.

8.2. Reference to a book (edited versions)

Hartmann, H. T., Kester, D. E., Davies, F.T. & Geneve, J. R. L. (2008). Plant propagation principles and practices (7th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall.

8.3. Reference to a paper/a chapter in an edited book

Owens, C. L. (2008). Grapes. In: J. F. Hancock (Ed), Temperate fruit crop breeding germplasm to genomics. (pp. 197-234.) Springer Science.

8.4. Reference to a journal publication

Mohammadzadeh, J. & Ahmadi, M. R. (2008). Optimization of olive oil extraction to enhance efficiency and quality. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 9(2), 113-126. (In Farsi)

8.5. Reference to an online journal articles

Finn, C.E., Swartz, H.J., Moore, P.P., Ballington, J.R. & Kempler, C. (2002b). Breeders experience with Rubus species. Retrieved May 10, 2009, from

8.6. Reference to a website address of a university/government office where an author's name is present

 Hummer, K. (2006). Ribes genetic resources. Retrieved May, 15, 2009, National Clonal Germplasm Repository, Corvallis, Oregan,

8.7. Reference to a website address of a university/government office where an author's name is absent

 Food and Agriculture Organization. (2000). Biodiversity: Agricultural biodiversity in FAO. Retrieved January 12, 2009, from

8.8. Reference to a software program

Project scheduler 9000 [computer software]. (2001). Orlando, Fl: Scitor.

8.9. Reference to a PhD thesis

El-Dengawy, E. F. A. (1997). Physiological and biochemical studies on seeds dormancy and germination process in deciduous fruit trees. Ph.D. Thesis. Faculty of Agriculture Mansoura University, Egypt.

8.10. Reference to a scientific conference publication

Mohammadi, A., Rafiee, S., Keyhani, A. & Emam-Djomeh, Z. (2008). Mathematical modeling of drying characteristics of kiwifruit slice (cv. Hayward). In: Proceedings of 10th International Congress on Mechanization and Energy in Agriculture, 14-17 Oct., Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 853-858.

8.11. Reference to a scientific report

Bailey, J. S. & French, A. P. (1941). The genetic composition of peaches. (Annual Report 1940:91). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin. 378.