Evaluation of relationship between salinity stress tolerance indices and some physiological traits in bread wheat

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph. D. Studednt, Department of Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, TarbiatModaresUniversity, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, TarbiatModaresUniversity, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Faculty member of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

The deleterious effects of salinity on plant growth and development are associated with the imbalance ion in plant, decreased K+ and increased Na+, and ultimately yield loss. In order to evaluate the effects of salinity, 41 bread wheat varieties (Trticum aestivum L.) were planted in the randomized complete block design with three replications under two saline irrigation conditions, 0.631 and 11.8 dS/m, in Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center, Kerman, Iran. The results of analysis of variance showed that the effect of salinity on the grain yield, the content of sodium, potassium, the ratio of this two ions and relative water content (RWC) in flag leaf of the genotypes was significant. The indices of mean productivity (MP), geometric mean productivity (GMP), harmonic mean (HM) and stress tolerance index (STI) were calculated based on grain yield evidence positive significant correlation with Yp (yield in non-stress conditions), Ys (yield in stress conditions) and Na+ and K+ / Na+ in stress conditions. Varieties were selected based on these indices had high performance in both environments. These varieties had the lowest reduction in K+ / Na+ and RWC. Each of these indicators, tolerance indicators or the amount of Na+, K+, K+/Na+ and RWC, can be used to select tolerant varieties depending on the plant growth stage.

Keywords


  1. References

    1. Allakhverdiev, S. I., Sakamoto, A., Nishiyama, Y., Inaba, M. & Murata, N. (2000). Ionic and osmotic effects of NaCl-induced in activation of photo systems I and II in Synechococcus sp. Plant Physiology, 123, 1047-56.
    2. Benderradji, L., Brini, F., Ben Amar, S., Kellou, K., Azaza, J., Masmoudi, K., Bouzerzou, H., Hanin, M. (2011). Sodium transport in the seedlings of two bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes showing contrasting salt stress tolerance. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5, 233-241.
    3. Colmer, T. D., Munns, R. & Flowers, T. J. (2005). Improving salt tolerance of wheat and barley: future prospects. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 45, 1425-1443.
    4. Colmer, T. D., Flowers, T. J. &, Munns, R. (2006). Use of wild relatives to improve salt tolerance in wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57, 1059-1078.
    5. Degl’Innocenti, E., Hafsi, C., Guidi, L. & Navari-Izzo, F. (2009). The effect of salinity on photosynthetic activity in potassium-deficient barley species. Journal of Plant Physiology,166, 1968-1981.
    6. Dubcovksy El-Hendawy, S. E., Hu, Y. & Schmidhalter, U. (2005). Growth, ion content, gas exchange, and water relations of wheat genotypes differing in salt tolerances. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 56, 123-134.
    7. Fernandez, G. C. J. (1992). Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. In Proceeding of a Symposium, Taiwan, 13-18 Aug. pp. 257-270.
    8. Fischer, R. A. & Maure, R. (1978). Drought response in spring wheat cultivars. I. Grain yield responses. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 29, 897-912.
    9. Flowers, T. J. & Yeo, A. R. (1995). Breeding for salinity resistance in crop plants; where next. Australian Journal Plant Physiology, 22, 875-884.
    10. Francois, L. E., Grieve, C. M., Maas, E. V., Donovan, T. J. & Lesch, S. M. (1994). Time of salt stress affects growth and yield components of irrigated wheat. Agronomy Journal, 86, 100–107.
    11. Gorham, J., Hardy, C., Wyn Jones, R. G. Joppa, L. R. & Law, C. N. (1987). Chromosomal location of a K/Na discrimination character in the D genome of wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 74, 584–588.
    12. Gorham, J., Wyn Jones, R. G. & Bristol, A. (1990). Partial characterisation of the trait for enhanced K+/Na+ discrimination in the D genome of wheat. Planta, 180, 590–597.
    13. Hefny, M. M., Rabei Metwali, E. M. & Ibrahem Mohamed, A. (2013). Assessment of genetic diversity of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) genotypes under saline irrigation water based on some selection indices. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7, 1935-1954.
    14. Hosseini, S. J., Tahmasebi Sarvestani, Z. & Pirdashti, H. (2012). Analysis of tolerance indices in some rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes at salt stress condition. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 3, 1-10.
    15. Husain S, Munns R, Condon A.G. (2003). Effect of sodium exclusion trait on chlorophyll retention and growth of durum wheat in saline soil. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 54, 589–597.
    16. Izaddoost, H., Samizadeh, H., Rabiei, B. & Abdollahi, S. (2013). Evaluation of salt tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars and lines with emphasis on stress tolerance indices. Cereal Research,3, 167-180. (In Farsi).
    17. Karim, M. A., Nawata, E., & Sigenaga, S. (1993). Effects of salinity and water stress on the growth, yield and physiological characteristics in hexaploid triticale. Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 37, 46-52.
    18. Kristin, A. A., Serna, R. R., Perez, F. I., Enriquez, B. C., Gallegos, J. A. A., Vallejo, P. R. Wassimi, N., Kelley, J. D. (1997). Improving common bean performance under drought stress. Crop Sci, 37, 43-50.
    19. Munns, R., Hare, R. A., James, R. A. & Rebetzke, G. J. (2000b). Genetic variation for improving the salt tolerance of durum wheat. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 51, 69–74.
    20. Munns, R., & James, R. A. (2003) Screening methods for salinity tolerance: a case study with tetraploid wheat. Plant and Soil, 253, 201–218.
    21. Netondo G. W., Onyango, J. C. & Beck, E. (2004). Sorghum and salinity. I: Response of growth, water relations, and ion accumulation to NaCl salinity. Crop Science, 44, 797-805.
    22. Orcutt, D. M., & Nilsen, E. (2000). The physiology of plants under stress. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. New York pp. 177-235.
    23. Parida, A. K., Das, A. B., Sanada, Y. & Mohanty, P. (2004). Effects of salinity on biochemical components of the mangrove, (Aegiceras corniculatum). Aquatic Botany, 80, 77-87.
    24. Poustini, K. & Siosemardeh, A. (2004). Ion distribution in wheat cultivars in response to salinity stress. Field Crops Research, 85, 125-133.
    25. Poustini, K., Siosemardeh, A. & Ranjbar, M. (2007). Proline accumulation as a response to salt stress in 30 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Genetic Resources Crop Evolution,54, 925-934.
    26. Rengasamy, P. 2002. Transient salinity and subsoil constraints to dryland farming in Australian sodic soils: an overview. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 42, 351–361.
    27. Rontein, D., Basset, G. & Hanson, A. D. (2002). Metabolic engineering of osmoprotectant accumulation in plants. Metabolic Engineering, 4, 49–56.
    28. Rosielle, A. A. & Hamblin, J. (1981). Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environment. Crop Science, 21, 943-946.
    29. Sairam, R. K., Rao, K. V. & Srivastava, G. C. (2002). Differential response of wheat genotypes to long term salinity stress in relation to oxidative stress, antioxidant activity and osmolyte concentration. Plant Science, 163, 1037-1046.
    30. SAS Institute Inc, (2011). SAS/STAT user’s guide, second edition. SAS institute Inc., Cary, Nc.
    31. SPSS, (2010). SPSS 20. Users Guied. Chicago, IL, USA.
    32. Stuciffe, J. & .Baker, D. A. (1981). Plants and mineral salts. Edward Arnold Publisher, Southampton, pp: 16-18.
    33. Talebi, R., Fayaz., F. & Mohammad, A. (2009) Effective selection criteria for assessing drought stress tolerance in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf). General and Applied Plant Physiology, 35, 64–74.
    34. Tandon, H. L. S. (1995). Estimation of sodium and potassium, in: Methods of Analysis of Soils, Plants, Water and Fertilisers, FDCO, New Delhi. 62-63. Science, 1, 191-193.
    35. USDA-ARS. (2005). George, E. & Brown, J. r. Salinity Laboratory, Riverside, CA, USA (http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm? docid=8908).
    36. Van Ginkel, M., Calhoun, D.S., Gebeyehu, G. & Miranda, A. (1998). Plant traits related to yield of wheat in early, late, or continuous drought conditions. Euphytica,100, 109–112.
    37. Weatherley, P. E. (1950). Studies in water relations of cotton plants I. the field measurement of water deficit in leaves. New Phytologist, 49, 81-87.
    38. Zheng. Y., Wang, Z., Sunb, X., Jia, A., Jiang, G. & Li, Z. (2008). Higher salinity tolerance cultivars of winter wheat relieved senescence at reproductive stage. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 62, 129–138
Volume 46, Issue 3 - Serial Number 3
October 2015
Pages 423-432
  • Receive Date: 19 April 2015
  • Revise Date: 17 August 2015
  • Accept Date: 26 August 2015
  • Publish Date: 23 September 2015