Analysis of compatibility for essential oil yield in coriander under different irrigation regimes using GGE biplot method

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Plant Breeding Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University

2 Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran

Abstract

Coriander is one of the most important medicinal plants which has been used in the pharmaceutical industry. GGE Biplot method is one of the suitable methods for analyzing data with bilateral structure. In this research, the GGE Biplot model was used to evaluate the combinability of coriander essential oil yield in Diallel cross progenies of six parental coriander genotypes including Isfahan, Hamedan, Bushehr, Mazandaran, Markazi, and Alborz in the F1 generation in different irrigation regimes and three experiments separately through randomized complete blocks design with three replications in each experiment during the growing season of 2016. The results of genetic variance analysis showed that the effect of general and specific compatibility for essential oil yield was significant, indicating the importance of additive and non-additive genetic effects for this trait. In this study, the role of non-additive gene was more conspicuous than those of additive gene in controlling the essential oil yield. Therefore, providing superior hybrids by utilizing breeding methods based on the test progeny will be effective to improve these traits. Also, the results of the Biplot graphic analysis indicated that parental genotypes of Mazandaran (P4) and Bushehr (P6) had large specific and general compatibility and can be used as suitable parents for crosses to develop high-yielding varieties in coriander.

Keywords


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Volume 50, Issue 4
January 2020
Pages 189-199
  • Receive Date: 16 April 2018
  • Revise Date: 05 August 2018
  • Accept Date: 04 December 2018
  • Publish Date: 21 January 2020