Evaluation of airborne dust effect on the efficiency of Atlantis OD, clodinafop propargyl and 2,4-D+MCPA herbicides on weed control in wheat

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.Sc graduated of Agronomy and Plant Breeding Dept., University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.

2 Dept. of Agronomy and Plant Breeding Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan Sanandaj, Iran.

3 PhD student of Agronomy and Plant Breeding Dep., Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.


To evaluate the amount of yield changes, some yield components and weeds control under the presence or absence of airborne dust, an experiment was conducted in the research field of the University of Kurdistan, (Dehgolan) in 2017. The experimental design was a randomized complete block in which treatments were arranged as split-plot with four replications. The experimental treatments include the levels of the airborne dust application (the existence of airborne dust and non-existence of airborne dust as the control) and also application of various herbicides included mesosulfuron-methyl + iodosulfuron (Atlantis OD), 2,4-D + MCPA, clodinafop propargyl, weedy control, and hand weeding control, which all can be considered as the main factor. The results showed that the highest dry weight of weeds, decreased yield and studied traits (6.3% decrease in height, 2.9% number of grains per spike, 4.72% the thousand seed weight and finally 10.3% decrease in grain yield) was observed due to the existence of airborne of dust .The most negative impact of dust on the 2,4-D herbicide (reduction of 64% herbicide efficiency) was observed, but the efficiency of mesosulfuron-methyl + iodosulfuron didn’t decrease under the effect of airborne dust. In conclusion, the highest weed dry weight loss was related to mesosulfuron-methyl + iodosulfuron treatment.


Main Subjects


    1. Chauhan, A. & Joshi, P. (2010). Effect of ambient air pollutants on wheat and mustard crops growing in the vicinity of urban and industrial areas. New York Science Journal, 3(2): 52-60.
    2. Douglas C.L., Wilkins D.E. & Churchill D.B. 1994. Tillage, seed size and seed effect of wild oat (Avena fatua) infestations on light interception and growth rate of wheat (Triticum aestivum). Weed Science, 39:175-179.
    3. Falehzozuli, M., Vafaeinejad, M. & Ahmadi dehka. F. (2014). Monitoring and synoptic analysis of dust storm by means of remote sensing and GIS. Journal of Remote Sensing in Natural Resources, 5(4): 61-77. (In Farsi).
    4. Farmer, M.A. (1993). The effects of dust on vegetation: A review. Environmental Pollution, 79: 63-75.
    5. Gerivani, H., Lashkaripour, G.H.R., Ghafoori, M. & Jalali, N. (2011). The Source of dust storm in Iran: a case study based on geological information and rainfall data. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 6(1): 297-308.
    6. Goudie, A.S. 2009. Dust storms: recent developments. Journal of Environmental Management, 90: 89–94.
    7. Holm, L.G., Plucknett, D.L., Panco, J.V. & Herberger, J.P. (1997). Chenopodium album L. Chenopodiaceae, goosefoot family. Page 84-91 in the world's worst weeds: distribution and ecology. Honolulu, Madison, 71-92.
    8. Kiani, H. (2017). Evaluation of weed control in wheat fields by registered and unregistered herbicides in Iran. Thesis Postgraduate for the Degree of M.Sc. in the field of Agronomy, Department of Agronomy and plant Breeding, University of Kurdistan. (In Farsi).
    9. Kiani, H., Tahmasebi, I. & Babaei, S. (2017). Evaluation the efficacy of new herbicides in wheat fields of Kurdistan. Seventh Iranian Weed Science Congress, 27-29 Aug., Gorgan University, Iran. (In Farsi).
    10. Leghari, S.K., Zaid, M.A., Sarangzai, A.M., Faheem, M. & Shawani, G.R. (2015). Effect of road side dust pollution on the growth and total chlorophyll contents in Vitis vinifera L. (grape). African Journal of Biotechnology, 13(11): 110-117.
    11. McBride, M.B. 1989. Surface chemistry of soil minerals. In J. B. Dixon and S. B. Weed, eds. Minerals in Soil Environments. 2nd ed. Madison, WI: Soil Science Society of America. 35-88.
    12. Miller, S.D., Kuciauskas, A.P, Liu, M., Ji, Q., Reid, J.S., Breed W.D., Walker, A.L. & Mandoos, A.A. (2008). Haboob dust storms of the southern Arabian Peninsula. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(116): 1-18.
    13. Nosratti, I., Sabeti, P., Chaghamirzaee, G. &Heidari, H. (2017). Weed problems, challenges, and opportunities in Iran. Crop Protection.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2017.10.007.
    14. Nosratti, I., Saeidi, M., Barbastegan, H., JalaliHonarmand, S. & Ghobadi, M. (2016). Effect of Airborne Particles on Herbicides Efficiency for Control of Corn (Zea mays) Weeds in Kermanshah Region. Research in Crop Ecosystems, 3(1&2): 55-66. (In Farsi).
    15. Priyanka, R. & Mishra, R.M. (2013). Effect of urban air pollution on epidermal traits of road side tree species, Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merr. IOSR Journal Environ Scince, Toxical Food Technology, 2(6): 4-7.
    16. Radosvich, S.R., Holt, J.S. & Ghersa, C. (1997). Weed ecology. John Wiley anSons, Inc. Scursoni, J. A. and E. H. Satorre. 2005. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) and wild oat (Avena fatua) competition is effected by crop and weed density. Weed Technology, 19: 790–795.
    17. Santosh kumar, P. (2012). Ecologival effect of airborne particulate matter on plants. Envirmental Skeptc and Critics Department of Botany, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur (C, G) India, 1(1); 12-22.
    18. Shahbazi, T., Saiedi, M., Nosratti, I. & JalaliHonarmand, S. (2014). Adjuvant and airborne dust effects on foramsulfuron+ lodosulfuron and foramsulfuron activity on Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense).Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 39(3): 51-55.
    19. Shahbazi, T., Saiedi, M., Nosratti, I. & JalaliHonarmand, S. (2016). Evaluation the Effect of airborne dust on physiological characteristics and yield of different wheat varieties (Triticum sp.). Journal of Plant Process and Function, 5 (15):195-204. (In Farsi).
    20. Sharifi, Z., Saeedi, M., Nosratti, I. &Heidari, H. (2015). Effect of Dust on Yield and Yield Components of Different Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars and Herbicide Efficiency in Weed Control. Research in Crop Ecosystems, 2(3): 67-77. (In Farsi).
    21. Shirmohammadi. K., Zand, E. & Baghestani, M.A. (2012). Evaluation of the efficacy of different herbicides for controlling grass and broadleaf weeds in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Journal of Plant Production, 19(2), 35-52. (In Farsi).
    22. Tisdale, S.L., Werner S.L. & Beaton, J.D. (1985). Basic soil-plant relationships. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. 4th edition: Macmillan Publishing Conference, New York, NY. 95-111.
    23. Wu, S., Mickley, L.J., Kaplan, J. & Jacob, D.J. (2012). Impacts of changes in land use and land cover on atmospheric chemistry and air quality over the 21st century. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(3): 1597-1609.
    24. Zhou, J., Tao, B. & Messersmith, C.G. (2006). Soil dust reduces glyphosate efficacy. Weed Science, 54:1132–1136.
Volume 50, Issue 4
January 2020
Pages 1-11
  • Receive Date: 09 April 2019
  • Revise Date: 02 September 2019
  • Accept Date: 14 September 2019
  • Publish Date: 21 January 2020