Some biochemical responses of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, University College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Karaj. Iran


Induced resistance was studied in two resistance and susceptible (Naz and Akhtar, respectively) common bean cultivars against two spotted spider mite, Tetranuychus urticae Koch (Acari; Tetranychidae(. In this study the amounts of total phenols, malondialdehyde, antioxidant activity, and the activity of plant defensive enzymes [guaiacol peroxidase (GPX), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX)] were measured for uninfected (control) and infected (1, 3 and 5 days after infestation) plants. The amounts of total phenols and antioxidant activity were higher in cultivar Naz (max: 0.8 and 53.67 respectively) compared to Akhtar, but the amount of malondialdehyde was low in Naz. Also, cultivar Naz exhibited greater enzymatic activity (GPX: 37.29 and APX: 21.87), than cultivar Akhtar. These results suggested that the plant defensive enzymes such as GPX, and APX were involved in common bean resistance to T. urticae. Thus, increased activity of GPX and APX along with accumulation of total phenols increased plant resistance to T. urticae.


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Volume 49, Issue 3
November 2018
Pages 109-119
  • Receive Date: 17 April 2017
  • Revise Date: 01 July 2017
  • Accept Date: 04 July 2017
  • Publish Date: 22 November 2018