Study of tank mix application of dual propose and broad leaf herbicides for weed control in wheat fields

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant professor, Plant Protection Research Department, Kermanshah Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Kermanshah, Iran

2 . Professor, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran, respectively

3 Associate Professor, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran, respectively


In order to the effectiveness of tank mix application of dual and broadleaf herbicides to control weeds, a field experiment was conducted at the Islamabad research station, Kermanshah, Iran, during 2014-2015. Treatments consisted of the application of (Mesosulfuron - methyl + Idosulfuron – methyl + Mefenpyr diethyl), (2,4D + MCPA), (Bromoxynil + MCPA) and (Mesosulfuron -methyl + Idosulfuron – methyl + Diflufenican + Mefenpyr diethyl) at different rates and tank mixing together.Treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications.Results indicated that tank mix application of (Mesosulfuron - methyl + Idosulfuron – methyl + Mefenpyr diethyl) in combination with(Bromoxynil + MCPA)desirable controlled C. pycnocephalus, G. tricornutum, C. oxycanta and S. arvensisand reduced their density between 74% to 100% compared to control without spraying, while the single treatments controlled these weeds between 40% to 73%.Application of tank mix (Mesosulfuron - methyl + Idosulfuron – methyl + Mefenpyr diethyl) in combination with (Bromoxynil + MCPA)at rates 0.5 + 1.25 and 0.25 + 1.25 increased wheat grain yield at rates1927 (155%) and 2031 (158%)kg/ha respectively, compared to control without spraying, as well as weight of 1000 grain above herbicides increased at rates 44 (198%) and 45 (198%) gr respectively


Main Subjects

  1. Ahmadi, A., Nazari, A. J. & Nassiri, B. (2013). Efficiency of herbicides in weed control Mouse-EarChickweed (Cerastium sp.) and Cowherb(Vaccaria sp.) in wheat of Lorestan, Iran. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences,4(6), 1632-1635.
  2. Anonymous. (2016). OthelloOD, Retrieved January 29, 2017, from
  3. Ariannia, N., Enayat  Gholizadeh, M., Sharafi, M. & Tabib, H. (2010). The impact of individual and combined consumption of herbicides of flat and narrow leaf weeds in the performance of Chamran species wheat in Ahvaz region. Scientific and Physiological Periodical of Agricultural plants, 2, 67-84. (In Farsi).
  4. Attarian, A.M. & Rashedmohasel, M. H. (2002). Competitive effects of wild oat (Avena ludoviciana) on yield and yield components of three winter wheat varieties. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 2, 25-32. (In Farsi)
  5. Baghestani, M. A., Zand, E., Poorazar, R., Esfandiari, H.  & Mamnoei, A. (2011). Investigation of the effect of some herbicides to control weeds in corn (Zea mays) fields. (Final Report of Research Project). Iranian Plant Protection Institute. 78. (In Farsi).
  6. Baghestani, M.A. (2013). Survey of efficiency of new herbicide othello (Mesosulfuron - methyl + Idosulfuron – methyl + Mefenpyr diethyl + Diflufenican) to control weeds in wheat fields. (Final Report of Research Project). Iranian Plant Protection Research Institute. (In Farsi).
  7. Diggle, A. J., Neve, P. B. & Smith, F.P. (2003). Herbicides used in combination can reduce the probability of herbicide resistance in finite weed populations. Weed Research, 43,371–382.
  8. Durgan, B. R., Yenish, J. P., Daml, R. J. & Miller, D. W. (1997). Broadleaf weed control in hard red spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) with F8426. Weed Technology, 11(3), 489-495.
  9. Gilreath, J. P. & Santos, B. M. (2005). Weed management with oxyfluorfen and napropamide in mulched strawberry1. Weed Technology, 19(2), 325-328.

10. Malekian, B. & Ghadiri, H. (2016). Efficacy of apirus, total, atlantis and chevalier herbicides on weed control in wheat.Journal of Production and Processing of Agricultural and Horticultural Products, 6 (20), 85-96. (In Farsi)

11. May, W.,  Eric, J. N., Ulrich, U.J., Christopher, H.B. & Guy, L.P. (2009). Tolerance of foxtail millet to combinations of bromoxynil, clopyralid, fluroxypyr, andMCPA.Weed Technology, 23(1), 94-98.

12. Montazeri, M. (1995). Interaction of tribenuron and graminicides in wheat. In: Proceeding of the Brighton Crop Protection Conference-Weed, 20-23 Nov., Brighton, United Kingdom, 2, 753-756.

13. Montazeri, M.,  Zand, E. & Baghestani, M. A. (2005). Weeds and their control in wheat fields of Iran. Pest and Disease Plant Protection. 85 pp. (In Farsi).

14. Mousavi, M. R. (2012). Herbicides (Identification and Application). Marze Danesh Publication. 284. (In Farsi).

15. Mousavi, S. K., Ghanbari,  A., Ghorbani, R. &  Baghestani, M. A. (2016). Evaluation the effect of water availability on wild wheat (Triticum boeoticum) and wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum) grass weed seed emergence in comparison to wheat (Triticum aestivum). Iranian Journal of weed science, 11, 117-128.(In Farsi).

16. Poorazar, R. & Zand, E. (2010). Investigation of efficiency of atlantis (Mesosulfuron- methyl + Idosulfuron - methyl + Mefenpyr diethyl)to weed control in wheat fields in Khuzestan province. In: proceeding of 19thPlant Protection Congress, 31Jul – 3Aug, plant protection institute, Tehran, Iran, 61.

17. Rashedmohasel, M. H.,  Rahimian, M. &  Banayan, A. (2002). Weeds and their control, Mashhad University Publication.(In Farsi).

18. Sandral, G.A.,  Dear, B.S.,  Pratley, J.E. & Cullis, B. R. (1997).Herbicide dose rate response curve in subterranean clover determined by a bioassay. Animal Production Science, 37, 67–74.

19. Schuster,  C.L.,  Al-Khatib, K. &  Dille, J. A. (2008). Efficacy of sulfonylurea herbicides when tank mixedwith mesotrione. Weed Technology, 22, 222–230.

20. Thabeti, P., Zand,E., Veysi, M. & Boroumand, P. (2009). Study the efficiency of several herbicides in the control of weeds of Kermanshah wheat fields. In: proceeding of 3th Iranian Congress of Weed Science,16-17 Feb, Babolsar, 2, 381-383. (In Farsi).

21. Vencill, W.K. (2002). Herbicide Handbook (8th Ed). Weed Science Society of America, Lawrence, KS, 493pp.

22. Wruble, R. P. & Gressel,  J. (1994). Are herbicide mixture useful for delaying the rapid evolution of resistance. A case study. Weed Technology, 8(3), 635-648.

23. Zalaghi, Z. & Saeedipoor, S. (2015). Study the efficiency of atlantis and its mixture with some herbicides for weeds controlling of wheat.International Journal of Biosciences, 6(4), 57-63.

24. Zand,  E., Baghestani, M. A., Soufizadeh, S., PourAzar, R., Veysi, M., Bagherani, N., Barjasteh, A., Khayami, M. M.& Nezamabadi, N. (2007). Broadleaved weed control in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with post-emergence herbicides in Iran. Crop Protection. 26(5), 746-752.

25. Zand, E., Baghestani, M. A., Shimi, P., Nezamabadi,  N.,  Mousavi, S. M. & Mousavi, S. K. (2012). Guidelines for chemical control of weeds in agronomic and horticultural products in Iran. Mashhad University Jihad Publications. 176. (In Farsi).


Volume 49, Issue 2
August 2018
Pages 171-183
  • Receive Date: 20 February 2017
  • Revise Date: 07 August 2017
  • Accept Date: 23 September 2017
  • Publish Date: 23 July 2018