Chemical management of purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus L.) in sugarcane

Document Type : Research Paper


Student/ Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khouzestan


In order to evaluation the efficacy of indaziflam on control of purple nutsedge in sugarcane an experiment was conducted in 2015 growing season in a sugarcane field in Shoaeibiyeh, Shoushtar, Khouzestan, Iran. Trial was randomized complete block design with four replications per treatments. Treatments were 1-indaziflam (75 g ai ha-1, as preemergence); 2-indaziflam (50 g ai ha-1 as preemergence); 3- Trifloxysulfuron sodium+ametryn (1875 g ai ha-1,as postemergence); 4-2,4-D+MCPA (1687.5 g ai ha-1); 5-2,4-D+MCPA+metribuzin (1350 g ai ha-1+1400 g ai ha-1); 6- weeding and 7- weed infested. The results showed indaziflam as 75 g ai ha-1 affected purpule nutsedge growth as dry weight and density reduction percentage of purple nutsedge was reduced 100% until 30 day after treatment (DAT). However, indaziflam efficacy was reduced over time. Other herbicides such as indaziflam as 50 g ai ha-1 and trifloxysulfuron sodium+ametryn indicated good effect in purple nutsedge control compared with 4-2,4-D+MCPA and 2,4-D+MCPA+metribuzin. Single stem weight (0.70 kg m-2), the middle internode diameter (1.83 cm), number of internode (18. 3 cm) and cane yield (117.88 t ha-1), were the greatest in indaziflam (75 g ai ha-1). The greatest brix (21.40%), invert sugar (25.53%), recoverable sugar (11.0%) and the lowest fiber content (12.60 t ha-1) were obtained in indaziflam (75 g ai ha-1).


Main Subjects

  1. Bennett, A. C., Ferrel, J. A. & Dusky, J. A. (2004). Weed management in sugarcane. In: R. A. Gilbert (Ed), The Sugarcane Handbook. (pp.1-7) Electronic publication, Agronomy Department, University of Florida, USA.
  2. Brabham, C., Lie, L., Gu, Y., Stork, J., Barrett, M. & DeBolt, S. (2014). Indaziflam herbicidal action: A potent cellulose biosynthesis inhibitor. Plant Physiology, 166 (3), 1177-1185.
  3. Brosnan, J. T., McCullough, P. E. & Breeden, G. K. (2011). Smooth crabgrass control with indaziflam at various spring timings. Weed Technology, 25 (3), 363-366.
  4. Dalley, C. D. & Richard,E. P. (2010). Herbicides as ripeners for sugarcane. Weed Science, 58 (3), 329-333.
  5. Dayan, F. E., Green, H. M., Weete, J. D. & Hancock, H. G. (1996). Postemergence activity of sulfentrazone: effect of surfactants and leaf surfaces. Weed Science, 44 (4), 797-803.
  6. De Barreda, D. G., Reed, T. V., Yu, J. & McCullough, P. E. (2013). Spring establishment of four warm-season turfgrasses after fall indaziflam applications. Weed Technology, 27 (3), 448-453.
  7. Elahifard E., Ghanbari A., Rashed Mohassel M. H., Zand E., Mirshamsi Kakhki A. & Mohkami A. (2013). Characterization of triazine resistant biotypes of junglerice (Echinochloa colona (L.) Link.) found in Iran. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7 (9), 1302-1308.
  8. Etheredge, L. M., Griffin, J. L. & Boudreaux. (2010). Nutsedge control programs in sugarcane. Journal American Society of Sugarcane Technologist, 30 (1), 67-80.
  9. Grey, T. L., Rucker, K., Webster, T. M. & Luo, X. (2016). High-density plantings of olive trees are tolerant to repeated application of indazilflam. Weed Science, 64 (4), 766-771.
  10. Gilreath, J. P. & Santos, B. M. (2005). Efficacy of 1,3-dichloropropene plus chloropicrin in combination with herbicides on purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus)Control in tomato. Weed Technology, 19 (1), 137-140.
  11. Guerra, N., Oliveira Neto, A. M., Oliveira JR, R. S., Constantin, J. & Takano, H. K. (2014). Sensibility of plant species to herbicides aminocyclopyrachlor and indaziflam. Plant Daninha, 32 (3), 609-617.
  12. ICUMSA (International Commission for Uniform Methods in Sugar Analysis). 1999. ICUMSA Methods Book and ICUMSA Supplement, Whalley, H.C.S. (Ed.) Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, London, New York, 420 p.
  13. Jeffries, M. D., Mahoney, D. J. & Gannon, T. W. (2014). Effect of simulated indaziflam drift rates on various plant species. Weed Technology, 28 (4), 608-616.
  14. Karmollachaab, A., Bakhshandeh, A. M., Moradi Telavat, M. R., Moradi, F. & Shomeili, M. (2015). Effect of chemical ripeners application on yield, quality and technological ripening of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Iranian Journal of Crop Science, 17 (1), 63-73.
  15. Leon, R. G., Unruh, J. B. & Brecke, B. J. (2016). Relative lateral movement in surface soil of amicarbazone and indaziflam compared with other preemergence herbicides for turfgrass. Weed Technology, 30 (1), 229-237.
  16. Lorzadeh, S. (2011). Investigation efficacy of Krismat (75WG) herbicide on purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) var CP69-1062 fields of Khuzestan, Iran. Advances in Environmental Biology, 5 (10), 3369-3373.
  17. Peng, S. Y. (1984). Development in crop science: The biology and control of weeds in sugarcane (1th ed.). Elsevior Science Publisher. B. V. Amesterdam.
  18. Perry, D. H., J. S. McElroy, M. C. Doroh, & R. H. Walker. (2011). Indaziļ¬‚am utilization for controlling problematic turfgrass weeds. Applied Turfgrass Science. Retrieved December 20, 2016, from
  19. Rain, P. (2007). Cane sugar engineering (2th ed.). Verlag Dr. Albert Bartens KG-Berlin, Germany.
  20. Schneider, J. G., Haguewood, J. B., Song, E., Pan, X., Rutledge, J. M., Monke, B. J., Myers, D. F., Anderson, S. H., Ellersieck, M. R. & Xiong, X. (2011). Indaziflam effect on bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L. Pers.) shoot growth and root initiation as influenced by soil texture and organic matter. Retrieved December 15, 2016, from
  21. Troxler, S. C., Wilcot, J. W., Smith, W. D. and Burton, J. (2003). Absorbtion, translocation, and metabolism of foliar-applied CGA-362622 in purple and yellow nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus and C. esculentus). Weed Science, 51 (1), 13-18.
Volume 48, Issue 4 - Serial Number 4
March 2018
Pages 1139-1147
  • Receive Date: 26 January 2017
  • Revise Date: 10 June 2017
  • Accept Date: 14 June 2017
  • Publish Date: 20 February 2018