Effect of foliar application of iron and zinc sulfate on quantitative traits and essential oil yield of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M. Sc. Student of Agronomy, Payamee Noor University, Karaj, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran


In order to investigation of effect of iron and zinc sulfate on quantitative and qualitative yield of coriander, an experiment was conducted as randomized complete block design with three replications during 2015 on the Research Field of Payam Noor University of Marand. Treatments consisted of control, foliar application of iron (in stem elongation, flowering and stem elongation + flowering stages), foliar application of zinc (in stem elongation, flowering and stem elongation + flowering stages) and foliar application of iron and zinc (in stem elongation, flowering and stem elongation + flowering stages). Results showed that foliar application had significant effect on all studied traits except number of lateral branches. The application of iron and zinc improved plant traits in comparison to control. The highest values of plant height, Number of lateral branch per plant, total dry weight, 1000-seed weight, seed yield and essential oil yield were gained of foliar application of iron and zinc in both stem elongation and flowering stages. Foliar application of Fe +Zn in stem elongation and flowering stages more than twice increased grain yield compare to control treatment. The highest and the lowest essential oil yield (3.31 and 1.11 kg/ha) was gained in application of Fe + Zn (in stem elongation and flowering stages) and control treatments respectively. In general, results showed that simultaneous foliar application of iron and zinc in stem elongation and flowering stages can be improved quantitative and qualitative yield of coriander which could be used as a suitable management strategy.


Main Subjects

  1. Broadley, M. R., Philip, J. W., Hammond, J. P., Zelko, I. & Alexander, L. (2007). Zinc in plants. New Phytologist, 173, 677-702.
  2. Darzi, M. T., Ghalavand, A. & Rajali, F. (2009). The effects of biofertilizers application on N, P, K assimilation and seed yield in fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 25(1), 1-19. (in Farsi)
  3. Dubey, V. S., Bhalla, R. & Lithra, R. (2003). Sucrose mobilization in relation to essential oil biogenesis during palmarosa (Cymbopogon martini Roxb. WATS. Var. motia) inflorescence development. Boisciences, 28(4), 479-487.
  4. Ghaffari Malayeri, M., Akbari, G. A. & Mohammadzadeh, A. (2012). The reaction yield and yield components of maize to soil application and foliar consumption. Iranian Agriculture Research, 2(10), 368-373. (in Farsi)
  5. Hemant Ranjan, A. (1996). Physiology and biochemical Significance of Zinc in plants. Advancement in Micronutrient Research, 151-178.
  6. Kafi, M., Lahoti, M., Zand, A., Sharifi, H. R. & Goldani, M. (2008). Plant physiology. Publications University of Mashhad. (in Farsi)
  7. Kamkar, B., Safahani-Langerodi, A. R. & Mohammadi, R. (2011).The use of nutrients in crop plants. Publication university of Mashhad. 500 p. (in Farsi)
  8. Kannan, S. (2010). Foliar fertilization for sustainable crop production, sustainable agriculture reviews, 1, genetic engineering, biofertilization. Soil quality and Organic Farming, 4(5), 371-402.
  9. Malakooti, M. G., Keshavarz, P. & Karimian, N. (2008). Comprehensive approach to diagnosis and optimum fertilizer recommendation for sustainable agriculture. Tarbiat Modarres University Press, 7th edition. pp, 775. (in Farsi)
  10. Marschner, H. (1995). Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Second edition, Academic Press Limited. Harcourt Brace and Company, Publishers, London, pp. 347-364.
  11. Miransari, H., Mehrafarin, A. & Naghdi Badi, H. (2015). Morphophysiological and phytochemical responses of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) to foliar application of iron sulfate and zinc sulfate. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 14(2), 15-30. (in Farsi)
  12. Moghadam, E., Mahmoodi Sourestani, M., Farrokhian Firozi, A., Ramazani, Z. & Eskandari, F. (2015).The effect of foliar application of iron chelate type on morphological traits and essential oil content of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum). Agriculture Crop Manengment, 17(3), 595-606. (in Farsi)
  13. Nasiri, Y. & Najafi, R. (2015). Effects of soil and foliar applications of iron and zinc on flowering and essential oil of chamomile at greenhouse conditions. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 105(1), 33-41. (in Farsi)
  14. Nateghi, SH., Pirzad, A. R. & Darvishzadeh, R. (2015). The impact of micronutrient fertilizers, iron and zinc on yield and yield component of anise. Journal of Horticulture Science, 29(1), 37-46. (in Farsi)
  15. Omidbeygi, R. (1994). Approaches to production and processing of medicinal plants. Astan Quds Razavi publicatin. 349P. (in Farsi)
  16. Oshodi, A. A., Olaofe, O. & Hall, G. M. (1993). Amino acid, fatty acid and mineral composition of pigeon pea. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 43, 187-191.
  17. Pandel, P. Chand, S. Pandey, A. & Patra, D. D. (2011). Effect of sole and conjoint application of iron and manganese on herb yield, nutrient uptake, oil quality via-a-ais their optimal level in spearmint (Mentha spicata Linn. Emend. Nathh. cv. Arka). International of Natural Product and Resources, 2(2), 242-249.
  18. Rahimi, A., Mashyekhi, K., Hemmati, Kh. & Dordipour, A. (2009).  Effect of salicylic acid and mineral nutrition on fruit yield and yield components of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Journal of Plant Production, 16(4), 149-156. (in Farsi)
  19. Ramroudi, M., Kikhajaleh, M., Galavi, M., Segatoleslami, M. G. & Baradaran, R. (2011).The effect of foliar application of micronutrients and irrigation regimes on yield, quality and quantity traits of Plantago psyllium L. Agroecology journal, 2(3), 219-226. (in Farsi)
  20. Ravi, S., Channal, H. T., Hebsur, N. S., Patil, B. N. & Dharmatti, P. R. (2008). Effect of sulphur, zinc and iron nutrition on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and quality of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Karnataka Journal Agriculture Science, 32,382-385.
  21. Rezaee Chiane, A., Zehtab Salmasi, S., Pirzad, A. & Rahimi, A. (2015).The effect of foliar micronutrients iron, zinc and manganese on yield, yield components, and seed oil, calendula (Calendula officinalis L.). Journal of Horticulture Science, 29(1), 95-102. (in Farsi)
  22. Said-Al Ahl, H. A. H. & Omer, E. A. (2009). Effect of spraying with zinc and / or iron on growth and chemical composition of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) harvested at three stages of development. Journal of Medicinal Food Plants, 1, 30-46.
  23. Sefidkon, F. (1999). Investigate of essential oil of coriander in shoots and fruit. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 13, 307-314. (in Farsi)
  24. Sepehri, A. & Vaziri Amjad, Z. (2015). The effect of iron and zinc nano fertilizers on quantitative yield of chicory (cichorium inyubus L.) in different crop densities. Journal of Agricultural Knowledge and Sustainable Production, 25(1), 61-73. (in Farsi)
  25. Shabanzadeh, SH., Ramroudi, M. & Galavi, M. (2011).The effect of foliar application of micronutrients on yield and qualitative characteristics of (Nigella sativa L.) in different irrigation regimes. Journal of Crop Protection and Processing, 1(2), 79-89. (in Farsi)
  26. Sinta, L., Vijaykumar, A. & Srimathi, P. (2015). Effect of micronutrient application in coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) cv.Co4. African Journal of Agriculture Research, 10(3), 84-88.
  27. Zehtab-Salmasi, S., Heidari, F. & Alyari, H. (2008). Effects of microelements and plant density on biomass and essential oil production of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). Plant Science Research, 1,24-26.
  28. Zehtab-Salmasi, S., Behrouznajhad, S. & Ghasemi-Golezani, K. (2012). Effect of Foliar Application of Fe & Zn on Seed Yield and Mucilage Content of Psyllium at Different Stages of Maturity. International Conference on Environment, Agriculture and food sciences, August 11-12, Thailand.
Volume 48, Issue 2 - Serial Number 2
September 2017
Pages 517-525
  • Receive Date: 28 June 2016
  • Revise Date: 26 September 2016
  • Accept Date: 03 October 2016
  • Publish Date: 23 August 2017